Can you compare the speed of your Operating System months when it was just installed from now? Lengthy now right? You could be frustrated by the performance of your computer if no proper maintenance is being carried out.
Irrespective of the amount of RAM on your system, processor speed and free disk space, your Computer could still be slowed down to a crawl if proper maintenance task aren’t carried out, but cheer up! You can now run important maintenance tasks to help speed up your computer, a slow and untidy computer will now be a thing of the past for you. (Steps here are with reference to recent windows operating system such as windows 8 and above)
The Disc Optimizer helps to enhance the effectiveness of your drive, it rearranges fragmented data in your hard disk so it can work more effectively, when you install programs, different files are scattered everywhere in your computer, some into the registry, temp folder and some are even hidden from you because modifying such hidden files could either cause system instability or make the software linked with the hidden program non-functional, when new files are saved or installed in your system they are first saved as a block to an empty hard disk one after the other. If you then, for example, deleted a file in the middle, there would be a gap in the hard disk. Your operating system uses this gap later to store the next file saved to the hard disk. If this gap is not big enough, it (The OS) splits the file and stores the second half at another location. Over time, more and more gaps are created in your hard disk and more files are fragmented into pieces, making the degree of fragmentation increase.
This slows down the performance of your computer: Every time you call up a file, this has to be read from the hard disk, which would of course happen faster if the file was stored in one place. In essence, if fragmentation is high, it takes a longer time for your hard disk to retrieve and deliver that file or program to you.
A simple way to speed up your system is therefore to defragment the hard disk.
Disk defragmenter re-arranges data blocks on your hard disk and ensures faster loading times of your programs and documents, to access it;
- Double click This PC,
- Right click on the Windows (C:), select properties,
- Select the Tools tab, click Optimize, or go to;
- Control panel,
- System and Security, in the Administrative Tools list you would see Defragment and Optimize your drives, select the C: drive
- Click on optimize
There are two options “Analyze” and “Optimize”, “Analyze” checks the drive to see if you need to optimize it, “Optimize” defragments the drive right away, you can click “optimize” to optimize it right away.
Another very important tool is the Disc cleanup, this tool enables you to free up disk space, it does this by removing temporary files, old system restore points, old copies of windows update, and also a variety of other files which could no longer needed.
Windows and user installed programs creates temporary files on the hard disk, in order to temporarily store certain settings or data, when the program in question is uninstalled, the temporal files still remain in your system so overtime your hard disk would be filled with unnecessary data, those files should be removed as they are no longer needed. To access Disc Cleanup,
- Double click this PC
- Right click on the Windows (C:), select properties
- From the general tab click on Disc cleanup or go to;
- Control panel
- System and Security, in the Administrative Tools list you would see “Free up disc space” by default it selects your C: drive click ok.
When Disc Cleanup is launched it shows you the files and the space they are occupying, when an option is chosen it gives you detailed explanation of what the files does, tick the ones you want to remove and click ok, also you could clean up the system files (old restore point, old windows update backup e.t.c) do this also with caution as some files maybe useful to you, try to read the information attached to the file when you click them
REMOVING BROKEN SHORT CUTS
Shortcuts are links to any items accessible (such as a file, folder or a program) to enable the user have access to the program faster. It could be created manually by the user or a program during installation. Remember earlier we said; shortcuts are links to any items “ACCESSIBLE” meaning that a shortcut won’t be functional if there isn’t any program or file it could be accessed from, the link would be broken making it a broken shortcut. Sometimes when programs are uninstalled or deleted by the user they leave invalid shortcuts on the desktop, these invalid shortcuts references to a program or file that no longer exists or that are deleted, these broken shortcuts could easily be removed in order to restore order to your computer and make it more responsive. This could be done by using a system maintenance tool in windows, click;
- Control panel
- Click System and security,
- Click Action center, click on maintenance, from automatic maintenance section click Start maintenance
DISABLING UNNECESSARY STARTUP
Does your computer take longer than usual to load to desktop? For your OS to startup successfully it has to start some programs. Some unnecessary background programs that startup with your OS makes your computer to be slow, because too many of these programs opening at the same time increases your waiting time to have access to your computer, such programs that are not needed could be turned off using tools like the “Task Manager” or “Autoruns” which has more advanced options than the Task manager in managing start up programs.
Windows “Task manager” provides several options you could use to manage your computer, amongst which is the “Startup”, when the startup tab is clicked it shows the software that starts with your OS, with its impact, select the program you wish to disable, and click disable on the lower right corner of the task manager tab, to access Task manager;
- Right click on your task bar,
- Select task manager, or
- Simply hold down Ctrl, Alt, then press delete, choose task manager from the options provided.
A better tool used for startup management is the Autoruns.
Autoruns shows you different tabs (everything, logon, explorer e.t.c) the everything tab displays all the tabs combined together, our focus is the logon tab which displays startup programs, to disable a program from starting up with windows simply uncheck it. Autoruns also has more options for advanced users, feel free to explore the program, but with caution so you don’t disable an important service. Download Here extract, right click and select run as an administrator.
THIRD PARTY APPLICATIONS
These maintenance tasks could be done with just a click by using special utility software like AVG PC TuneUp.
When installed this utility software runs automatically searching for problems with your OS, fixes them and gives you a report of what was found and fixed also advanced users could manually run maintenance tasks. Download the demo copy Here, Click “Scan now” and it automatically scans for errors, after that click run maintenance. remember to buy an activation key to prevent it from expiring.